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What causes the inflammation of the spinal cord

What is meningitis

This is the inflammation of the spinal cord and brain. It starts when the protective membrane across the brain and spinal cord referred to as the meninges becomes infected. There are many types of meningitis but the bacterial and viral meningitis are the most common.

The bacterial meningitis

Bacterial meningitis is very severe and can be lethal. Death can occur in few hours. Many people get well from meningitis.

 Below are the types of bacteria that can cause meningitis.
•    Streptococcus pneumonia
•    Group B Streptococcus
•    Neisseria meningitis
•    Haemophilus influenzas
•    Listeria monocytogenes
Statistically, bacterial meningitis created around 4,100 cases and 500 deaths in the United States between 2003 and 2007.
These bacteria can also be related to another serious illness, called sepsis.
What is sepsis?
This is a life-threatening illness caused by your body's response to infection.  Sepsis starts when the chemicals in the immune system discharge into the circulatory system to battle a disease, this causes inflammation in the whole body.
The causes of bacterial meningitis vary by age:
•    Newborn babies: Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pneumonia, Listeria monocytogenes, Group B Streptococcus
•    Babies and children: Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib), group Streptococcus pneumonia, Neisseria meningitides, B Streptococcus
•    Teenagers and young adults: Neisseria meningitides, Streptococcus pneumonia
•    Elderly people:  Neisseria meningitides, Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib), Streptococcus pneumonia, group B Streptococcus, Listeria monocytogenes

The viral meningitis

Viral meningitis is the most widely recognized sort of meningitis, an inflammation of the tissue that covers the cerebrum (brain) and spinal cord. It is frequently less serious than bacterial meningitis, and a great many people show signs of improvement all alone (without treatment). Nevertheless, it's necessary for anybody with indications of meningitis to see a medicinal services supplier immediately on the grounds that a few sorts of meningitis can be intense, and just a specialist(doctor) can decide whether you have the disease, the kind of meningitis, and the best treatment, which can once in a while be live saving. Babies below 1 month old and individuals with debilitated immune systems will probably have extreme sickness from viral meningitis.
Non-polio enteroviruses have widely recognized the reason for viral meningitis. Nevertheless, just a few individuals who get contaminated with enteroviruses will really develop meningitis.
Different infections that can bring about meningitis are:
•    Mumps infection
•    Herpesviruses, including, herpes simplex infections, and varicella-zoster infection (which causes chickenpox and shingles)
•    Measles infection
•    Influenza infection
•    Arboviruses, for example, West Nile infection
•    Lymphocytic choriomeningitis infection People at Risk
You can get viral meningitis at any age. However, some people have a higher risk of getting the disease, including
•    children younger than 5 years old, and
•    People with debilitated immune system created by the disease, treatments, (for example, chemotherapy), and organ or bone marrow transplantations.
newborns and all those that pose weak immune systems are more susceptible to serious illness.

Prevention of meningitis

Microorganism or viruses that may motive meningitis can spread via coughing, sneezing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils, a toothbrush or a cigarette.
Wash your hands. Careful hand-washing helps prevent germs. Educate youngsters to clean their palms regularly, specifically earlier than consuming and after the use of the bathroom, spending time in a crowded public area or petting animals. Teach them how to vigorously wash and rinse their hands.
Practice good hygiene.
Do not share foods, straws, consuming utensils, lip balms or toothbrushes with others. Train children and young adults to keep away from sharing these items too.
Stay healthy.
Maintain your immune system by resting, exercising, and eating a balanced diet with plenty of fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Cover your mouth.
When you need to cough or sneeze, be sure to cover your mouth and nose.
If you're pregnant, take care with food.
Reduce your risk of listeriosis by cooking meat, for a long period before eating it. Also, Choose cheeses that are clearly labeled as being made with pasteurized milk.


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